Vaginal Thrush Symptoms & Treatments

A white vaginal discharge that may look like cottage cheese, mostly odorless.

Compiled using information from the following sources: How long vaginal yeast infections last can vary and may depend on how severe the infection is and what treatment a person uses. Vaginal yeast infection symptoms, treatments, home remedies & causes. The material provided below is for informational purposes only.

Yeast infections can develop for a variety of reasons. Thrush is candidiasis inside the mouth. You must also replace any diaphragms or cervical caps. Yeast infection.

  • The doctor will also take into consideration any history of diabetes, cancer, HIV, or other chronic diseases.
  • The oral medication, Diflucan (a single-dose medication), has not been proven safe during pregnancy and lactation.
  • Recurring thrush You might need to take treatment for longer (for up to 6 months) if you keep getting thrush (you get it more than twice in 6 months).
  • Contact your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms.

Main Menu

During a lifetime, 75% of all women are likely to have at least one vaginal Candida infection, and up to 45% have two or more. A number of factors can increase the chance of the yeast growing out of control, a common one being the overuse of antibiotics. Comparing different products is recommended. It is always a good idea to treat a yeast infection, even if it is mild. A change in the balance of the yeast and bacteria that normally live in the vagina can result in vaginitis. – A 2020 study found a connection between women with Type 2 Diabetes and a likelihood of developing vaginal yeast infections. This ensures that your symptoms are definitely related to Candida overgrowth and not another more serious condition. — you might want to think again.

Some products may be specifically suited for cooking, rather than for use on skin, so compare products and brands to choose an appropriate product. Wear loose, breathable cotton clothing and cotton underwear. Everyone is different, so your symptoms may differ from a friend’s. 2020 Jul 1;188(1): However, there's a very small risk of passing the condition on during sex, so you may want to avoid having sex until it's cleared up. Anecdotal reports suggest that many women experience relief from such home treatments.

  • Your doctor will also examine your cervix for swelling and redness, and your vaginal walls for dry, white spots.
  • Your doctor may also take a sample of the vaginal discharge for quick examination under a microscope in the office.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
  • It is important to treat thrush early to relieve the pain and trouble swallowing, and to prevent spread of infection.
  • However, since yeast is normally there anyway, your doctor will want to be sure that it's candida causing the problem and not something else.
  • Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely.
  • It usually first appears as creamy white patches or sores on the tongue or mucous membranes of the mouth.

Federated Search Page Form block

Cranberry juice might be doing more harm than good. If the burning sensation worsens, people should discontinue use. A yeast infection is not spread through sexual contact. They call this self examination. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms for the first time, consult your healthcare professional for a diagnosis. But if that didn't actually happen — and there are no other obvious reasons behind your pain — then that could be a sign of a yeast infection, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In women, symptoms may include: Areas typically affected by the fungus in babies include the mouth and diaper areas.

AZO products referenced on this website are not intended to treat, cure, or prevent any disease such as overactive bladder, urinary tract infections, or vaginal infections.

How Long Does Yeast Infection Last?

In this article, we look at how long a yeast infection can last without treatment, as well as recovery times for both over-the-counter and home treatment options. These contribute to health and help restore the balance of bacteria and yeast in the body. Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), commonly known as sexually transmitted disease (STD). Many women report that reducing sugar, yeast, and dairy products in their diet helps. Factors that can change the normal balance of the vagina include the following: In fact, studies have shown that many women attempt to treat what they believe are the early symptoms and signs of a vaginal yeast infection using over-the-counter medications when they actually have a different condition. Vaginal thrush isn't classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), so sexual partners don't need to be informed, tested or treated if they don't have any symptoms. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates nearly 75 percent of women are likely to contract one yeast infection in their lifetime, with up to 45 percent of women experiencing recurring ones.

Wash your hands with soap and water very frequently during the treatment period – especially after nursing, diaper changes, and handling your breasts. They can be vague, particularly at an early stage. Either way, you'll be on your way to a healthy, back-in-balance vagina. They can also cause side effects and interact with other drugs. Knowing how to spot the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection can help you get the most effective treatment. If you are a healthcare provider, please refer to:

What factors increase the risk of getting a yeast infection? Burning and irritation usually accompany the intense itching. Yeast infections in men, called candidal balanitis or balanitis thrush, cause inflammation of the tip of the penis. It’s important to treat yeast infection early, especially if you’re pregnant, so that you can prevent any such complications. What causes yeast infections during pregnancy? Other treatments may be needed for infections that are more severe, that don’t get better, or that keep coming back after getting better. Regular bathing can also help. Candida is a strain of yeast found on most human bodies.

Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter

If the thrush doesn’t respond to topical treatment, your healthcare provider will likely switch treatment to an antifungal pill. Published by RelayHealth. A yeast infection can cause swelling of the vulva, which can make penetration particularly painful. Cranberry juice has been long known to help get rid of yeast infections, but it can also cause the problem in the first place. The main symptom of yeast infections is itchiness, though it's not the only one. It’s safe to try these natural remedies before you opt for the over-the-counter medications, and they are perfectly safe to use in addition to other treatments, even for pregnant women. 2 An estimated 1.

Share on Pinterest Wild oregano oil may slow or halt the growth of yeast. Yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance, which allows the yeast to overgrow causing an uncomfortable, but not serious, a condition called a yeast infection. These include the severity of your infection and any other health problems.

They may also change each time you get thrush, so watch out for these common symptoms and whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or more complicated. It often leads to itching and other irritating symptoms. Speak to your GP if you experience frequent bouts of thrush. Uncomplicated thrush is when there are less than four episodes in a year, the symptoms are mild or moderate, it is likely caused by Candida albicans, and there are no significant host factors such as poor immune function. You may also pass on a yeast infection to your baby’s mouth during breastfeeding if Candida overgrowth is present in the breast area. It’s not overly common, but since men also have candida on their skin, having unprotected sex can cause an overgrowth that results in an infection called balanitis, or inflammation of the head of the penis. 5 steps to break the cycle of chronic urinary tract infections, it may have even contributed to the breast cancer I got at age 30. Treatment will depend on the cause of the vaginitis.


At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Yeast infections. Sometimes the number of candida increases. Get plenty of rest to make it easier for your body to fight infections. This causes the lining of the vagina to become inflamed. Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. Get rid of a jock itch: treatment and home care tips. These bacteria produce hydrogen peroxide that kills the excess Candida. The main types used to treat thrush are:

Infections in skinfolds (intertriginous infections) or in the navel usually cause a bright red rash, sometimes with breakdown of skin.

Do not share antibiotics with others, and do not save antibiotics for another time. However, if only the woman has evidence of a yeast infection, the risk of transmission is so low that there’s no need to treat the male partner. They’re itchy, icky, and uncomfortable. Yeast infections and sex, i know what you might be thinking:. Uncontrolled diabetes. You can get medicated creams or suppositories for yeast infections (like Monistat and other brands) at a drugstore, over-the-counter without a prescription.

These treatments are relatively inexpensive and cause almost no side effects. The earlier vulval problems are found, the easier they are to treat. After regular, thorough washing (using unscented, hypoallergenic or gentle soap), use your blow dryer on a low, cool setting to help dry the outside of your genital area. First things first, unfortunately, almost all women will experience at least one yeast infection (genital candidiasis) -- an infection caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida -- at some point in life. The antibiotics kill normal vaginal bacteria, which keep yeast in check. Cut down on the amount of sugar and starchy foods you eat. Common symptoms of thrush and candida esophagitis include:

The pubic mound is the rounded, fleshy area above your pubic bone.

Stay Connected

Avoid underwear that is tight or made of synthetic material. You’ll want to see your doctor if you’re pregnant and suspect a yeast infection so that you can get the right diagnosis. This treatment can be repeated once a day until the infection clears. Always read and follow the label. Rinsing your nipples with a vinegar and water solution (1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar preferred to 1 cup water) or baking soda in water (1 tablespoon per cup) after every feeding is helpful. Douching – Douching may cause yeast infections because it disrupts the balance of bacteria and yeast in and around the vaginal area. Nonetheless, experience tells us that yeast infections on other parts of the body can often be addressed without these extra steps. Left untreated, yeast infections will usually go away on their own, but the severe itching can be hard to tolerate for some.

  • One of the most common vaginal infections, yeast infections occur when there’s an overgrowth of yeast in your vagina.
  • There are several things you can do to keep the candida that normally lives in our bodies under control.
  • Some women report relief from adding diluted tea tree oil to a tampon and inserting this into the vagina overnight.

What can I do to prevent thrush?

An oral antifungal drug such as fluconazole is also almost always effective. Yeast infections of the penis are more common when the penis is uncircumcised. This can help relieve your symptoms and causes fewer side effects than antifungal cream. Possible side effects include irritation, a stinging sensation or itching. Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you. Even if you have had a yeast infection before, it may be a good idea to call your health care professional before using an over-the-counter medication to treat your symptoms. If you find that applying cold to your nipples or air drying increases the pain, investigate whether the discomfort you are experiencing is related to nipple vasospasm.

1/4 How would you rate this website?

As many as one third of women will have symptoms of vaginitis sometime during their lives. Ask your doctor for more information regarding the differences between a yeast infection and a UTI. Using a yogurt without any added sugar is essential. Or you may experience swelling so extreme, it leads to sores. There are a number of reasons for treatment failure. Youtube, with that said, the occurrence of candidiasis in people with diabetes is driven not so much by the consumption of sugar but rather the inability to correct the dysfunction that gives rise to high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Dermatoses of the breast in lactation. But the most common one is Candida albicans. Be honest with your partner if you have a yeast infection and find ways to avoid spreading the infection until your condition has improved.

The health condition is so, err, popular because every woman naturally has yeast (aka candida) brewing in their vaginas.

(4) Oral Candidiasis (Thrush). They're normally applied to the skin two or three times a day for at least two weeks. The lesions appear as well-circumscribed, red, sometimes itchy patches of varying sizes and shapes. Scabs and pustules may be seen around the edge of the rash. Conditions that affect the function of the immune system, including diabetes, can increase a woman's risk of getting a yeast infection.

To restore access and understand how to better interact with our site to avoid this in the future, please have your system administrator contact [email protected] You can help prevent a yeast infection by wearing condoms during sex. Antifungal creams or oral medications can help manage symptoms. When the area around the anus is involved, the infection is called Perianal Candidiasis. The onset of a vaginal yeast infection will typically be marked by the following symptoms:

  • A girl usually notices certain things if she has a vaginal yeast infection.
  • However, once symptoms do appear, they can cause extreme discomfort and pain.
  • It is a good idea to test for allergies to oil of oregano on the forearm before use.
  • If you have been diagnosed before with a yeast infection and your symptoms are the same, try using a nonprescription medicine the next time you have a yeast infection.
  • Natural yogurt contains healthful bacteria called Lactobacillus.
  • This type of Candidiasis usually develops during infancy.
  • Possible side effects include a mild burning sensation, slight redness or itching.

What Factors Increase The Risk Of Getting A Yeast Infection?

The patches can be scraped off with a finger or blunt object and may bleed when scraped. That is especially important if you have a health problem that increases your risk for it. Candida overgrowth: everything you need to know, furthermore, if you do not clean up your diet and rebalance your gut microbiota, it will be hard to keep Candida at bay. X in a circle Think you may have a yeast infection? – Stress can change the balance of your body’s chemistry, which can lead to surprising and uncomfortable physiological changes.

The most common symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include: Instead, stay nice and fresh with a mild soap (like Summer's Eve Feminine Wash for Sensitive Skin, $13; ) and grab some fragrance-free detergent when it comes time to wash your underwear. There may be inflammation (redness, swelling, irritation, and itching) of the vulva in addition to the vaginal symptoms. He or she will ask you about your symptoms and your past health information. A common question associated with this topic is How long does it take to get a yeast infection? Strong fish-like odor, especially after sex.

Sometimes thrush causes no symptoms at all. This is because vaginal infections caused by bacteria, as well as some sexually transmitted infections (STI), may have symptoms very similar to those caused by yeast, but they require different treatments. Yeast thrive in warm, moist, protected areas. Nystatin suspension or miconazole oral gel for infant’s mouth. UTI Another common infection in women is a urinary tract infection (UTI). Throughout the course of your period, try to keep your genital area as clean and as dry as possible. A medication may have many brand names, but only one common name.

Inside Heart Health:

Vaginal candidiasis is common. Keep naturally moist areas of the body as cool and dry as possible. More than half of women will have at least one in their lifetime,” says Katharine O'Connell White, MD, director of fellowship in family planning at Boston Medical Center. Some vaginal medicines can be bought without a prescription. Luckily, there's a pretty quick solution for women who suffer from first-time yeast infections and exacerbated yeast infections that don't respond to topical treatment. Taking birth control/hormone treatment pills – As your body adjusts to a new regimen of contraceptives or hormone treatment, you may experience yeast infections.

What Else Do You Need To Make Your Decision?

Thrush is usually treated with antifungal medicine. It will also treat it in multiple locations in the body. Women are more prone to genital yeast infections, with 75 percent experiencing at least one in their lives. For vaginal yeast infections, treatment consists of antifungal medications that are administered directly into the vagina as tablets, creams, ointments, or suppositories, or administered by mouth (e. )Every year, millions of cases of vaginitis (vaginal inflammation) affect women of all ages, but they are especially susceptible during the reproductive years. Pregnant women or women with diabetes are especially prone to this common fungal infection. They might run some tests to confirm the diagnosis and check for any possible underlying cause, such as diabetes. All rights reserved.


If you don’t have a known health problem that puts you at risk for thrush, you may need follow-up testing. Although a yeast infection can cause severe itching, pain, and soreness, it's not likely to lead to serious health problems. Candidiasis (yeast infection), it is very important to keep a normal, healthy balance of bacteria in your vagina. So, if you are unsure about whether or not you have a yeast infection, or if you have never had one before, it's important to see a doctor to be sure that you are treating the correct conditions before starting any treatment. Complicated thrush is four or more episodes of thrush in a year or when severe symptoms of vulvovaginal inflammation are experienced. It usually first appears as a thick white or yellow vaginal discharge (leukorrhea) with itching and redness of the female genitalia (vagina and vulva). This can be a tablet you take, a tablet you insert into your vagina (pessary) or a cream to relieve the irritation. This is mostly due to the fact that because yeast thrives in the environment of the vaginal canal, and when both isolated and cyclical changes in hormones occur, yeast can begin to overgrow without its bacteria counterparts to stop it.

  • They claim to experience relief from yeast infection, by placing a garlic clove, threaded with a string, into the vagina overnight.
  • In addition to the medical treatment, there are other steps which some people report as helpful.
  • Other treatments after more than four episodes per year, may include ten days of either oral or topical treatment followed by fluconazole orally once per week for 6 months.
  • A UTI is a bacterial infection that affects the urinary system.

Support Links

Your doctor will be able to help you distinguish the differences between a yeast infection and BV. If you do get BV, remember you’re not alone. Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Male yeast infections are uncommon. The diagnosis may be clear from your symptoms and your exam. What is vaginitis? Your yeast infection may cause an odor down there that resembles a more yeasty, bread-like smell. Yeast infections often cause thick, white, clumpy vaginal discharge that usually doesn’t smell (or only smells slightly different than normal). Any rash, swelling, or redness should stop. Treatment for yeast infections include:

If you experience white to yellow discharge in the week before your period, this isn’t automatically a yeast infection.

Medical Dictionary

If you have a vaginal yeast infection, follow these guidelines: Instead, there are other factors at play that can throw off Candida balance in the vaginal area. Warmed coconut oil can also be used as a carrier oil for more powerful antifungal essential oils, including tea tree oil or oil of oregano. It's usually harmless but it can be uncomfortable and keep coming back.

There isn't a critical need to rush to your gyno if you think you might have a yeast infection.

Yeast infections can seriously disrupt your everyday routine. However, pregnancy, menstruation, diabetes, and birth control pills can also contribute to developing a yeast infection. Thrush is a common yeast infection that affects men and women.

They aren’t contagious, and can’t spread to another person during sex.

Diagnosis & Testing

The most common manifestation of this imbalance is a vaginal yeast infection. Your doctor will do a pelvic exam—he or she will take a swab of the vagina and have the sample examined under a microscope—to determine whether candida is the cause of the symptoms. It contains a section on breastfeeding while treating thrush. How is vaginitis treated? Intense vaginal itching. For example, when the normal, protective bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics (taken to treat a urinary tract, respiratory, or other types of infection) or by immunosuppressive drugs, the yeast can multiply, invade tissues, and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis). But sexual contact sometimes leads to yeast infections — your body chemistry can have a bad reaction to another person’s natural genital yeast and bacteria, which causes yeast to grow.

It is found in small numbers in the normal vagina. How this works. Most oregano oil is made using the common oregano, origanum marjoram, which has no special properties. This disorder typically occurs in people with diabetes or a weakened immune system or in otherwise healthy people whose hands are subjected to frequent wetting or washing.