How to Test for a Yeast Infection

However, it is possible for men to develop symptoms of skin irritation of the penis from a yeast infection after sexual intercourse with an infected partner, although this is not always the case. Some people say this discharge looks like cottage cheese. When this yeast increases it can cause an infection. Painful urination is something you should always mention to your doc, even if you don't notice any other weird symptoms. If you don't have a family doctor, you can visit a health clinic like Planned Parenthood. These annoying infections happen due to an overgrowth of the naturally occurring fungus Candida albicans, and they're pretty common, affecting three out of every four women in their lifetimes, according to Mayo Clinic.

Yeast infections are among the most common medical annoyances.

These medicines can be purchased at any drug store and come in a variety of strengths to lengthen or shorten a treatment period. Did we mention yeast infections are hella uncomfortable? 22 It’s a vagina, not a hoo hoo: When a woman has recurrent yeast infections or complicated symptoms, other tests are available. The yeast infection should clear up within this time frame. Wearing tight clothes or synthetics such as nylon, spandex or Lycra.

Home remedies typically revolve around a common antifungal property. That may be because, as Abdur-Rahman explains, "It's relatively benign since it doesn't tend to cause long-term ill effects or stay with you forever. "It might also help to avoid: A healthy vagina has many bacteria and a small number of yeast cells. Regardless of how you contracted it, make an appointment with your doctor to confirm that your symptoms are in fact a yeast infection and get prescribed treatment.

What Are Signs Of Vaginal Yeast Infections?

But if you get a lot of them, these suggestions may help: The use of antibiotics that kill off competing bacteria increases the risk of developing thrush. I knew the telltale symptoms (itching, burning, and cottage cheese-like discharge) and that hormonal birth control, antibiotics, or even wearing yoga pants all day might up your risk. Make sure you follow the directions and use all of the medicine, even if your symptoms go away before you finish. Boric acid suppositories can sometimes cause side effects, including vaginal burning and discharge. They'll look at it under a microscope to see if cells are present and-voila-be able to give you a definitive answer.

Yeast Infection (vaginal)

Those at higher risk for it include: Always read and follow the label. Talk to your doctor if you have more than four yeast infections per year. It can give you the illusion that you’re treating it while another problem continues to develop. “Antibiotics will kill off bacteria, including normal bacteria in the vagina,” she says. Yeast infection of the mouth is called thrush. Vaginal yeast infections are extremely common.


What causes a vaginal yeast infection? Here, ob/gyns walk you through the most common ones. Yeast grows best in warm, moist places. The simple answer is yes. After having unprotected sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal amount of yeast in your vagina.

Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean. Loose clothes, especially skirts, are ideal. Once your doctor has determined it’s indeed a fungal infection — or another type of infection — they will then be able to prescribe the correct type of treatment.

It can be watery to thick, and even chunky.

Why do I need a yeast test?

These treatments include more doses of fluconazole taken by mouth or other medicines applied inside the vagina, such as boric acid, nystatin, or flucytosine. Before your visit, write down questions you want answered. Oral thrush can cause visible symptoms in certain patients. The most common bacteria found in a healthy vagina are Lactobacillus acidophilus and help keep yeast levels in check. Some sanitary products can cause a reaction, as can feminine hygiene products, bath soap, or even a change in laundry soap.

It is often reported that 3 in 4 women will experience at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime and 1 in 2 will have more than one. A woman may also get a yeast infection as a result of: You wouldn't be able to enjoy bread or beer without yeast, for example. – a lack of sleep can throw off various functions of your body and in conjunction with other lifestyle changes, can lead to imbalances in bacteria.

What Happens At Your Appointment

Your doctor can help you determine what’s a yeast infection and what could be a different, more serious problem. A vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, is a common condition. As a person’s immune system gets weaker and their CD4 count drops below 350 cells/mL, they become more prone to getting a yeast infection and the infection may be more severe. If you do get BV, remember you’re not alone. In the case of a yeast infection, however, killing off healthy bacteria will continue to stimulate the growth of yeast. Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix.

Don't use anything around the vagina that's perfumed or has a print on it, even toilet paper. Also, some women may be more susceptible to yeast infections. Unfortunately, this is less useful for a yeast infection than chlamydia or gonorrhea. Fenske also suggests saline solution bathing, because it creates an environment that's particularly for healing.

However, they can be messy and often take longer to work than systemic treatments. Other visual symptoms of the infection include cracking and redness at the corners of the mouth and a smooth, red area in the center of the tongue. Contact your doctor if symptoms persist or worsen. If you would rather take a pill by mouth, you may ask your health care provider for a pill called fluconazole (floo kon' na zole).


Journal of Infectious Diseases. Your vagina naturally contains a balanced mix of yeast, including candida, and bacteria. Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.

To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly.

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Some women, on the other hand, may just feel like something isn’t quite right down there, but won’t be able to pinpoint why. These may require a steroid ointment such as hydrocortisone for treatment. Avoid harsh laundry detergents. Blame the irritation — when urine hits the inflamed skin down there, it might burn a little, kind of like getting lemon juice in a cut.

  • Selk recommends seeing a doctor, who can do either a slide or a swab to get a solid diagnosis.
  • You may be able to tell the condition is more than just a diaper rash if your baby’s skin is extremely red and has spots in the diaper/groin area, despite using diaper rash cream.
  • Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more difficult to treat, and generally need more-aggressive therapies.
  • Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk.
  • Abstinence will make it easier to manage your infection.
  • Like many women, I was familiar with yeast infections.

Key Points About Yeast Infection

Without treatment, a UTI can lead to more serious complications of the kidneys. Usually the length of time your yeast infection is left untreated has a direct impact on how severe your symptoms may become. By practicing good genital hygiene and following these 7 guidelines, you can help prevent most (if not all) vaginal yeast infections: Although they can show up on the outer genitalia, that's not always the case.

But there are some things that may increase the chance of developing a yeast infection, including pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, taking estrogen, and being in an immunocompromised state due to something like HIV or cancer (2,5). Your health care provider may order a test if you have symptoms of a yeast infection. The symptoms of a yeast infection can be similar to other common vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, so talking to a healthcare provider is a good idea to make sure the proper treatment is provided.

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Often, infections that are not curable through standard treatments are caused by less common types of yeast. Use a gentle, nondrying soap. Many women fear they've caught a sexually transmitted infection rather than a run-of-the-mill yeast infection. But it’s important to note that just because you have one or more of those symptoms, it doesn’t necessarily mean you have a yeast infection.

(1) a tampon applicator filled with yogurt, 2) a bulb syringe containing one tablespoon of liquid acidophilus, 3) an acidophilus capsule, or 4) a douche consisting of yogurt and water. Healthcare providers usually diagnose vaginal candidiasis by taking a small sample of vaginal discharge to be examined under a microscope in the medical office or sent to a laboratory for a fungal culture. While there are plenty of over-the-counter treatments, there are times when it’s wise to see a doctor. Anyone can get a yeast infection. The standard test involves a physical examination—it looks for a clumpy white discharge and a relatively low vaginal pH. Oftentimes, when we hear the word “infection,” we assume that antibiotics will remedy the problem. Cranberry juice has been long known to help get rid of yeast infections, but it can also cause the problem in the first place. Itching near your anus – May be a sign of hemorrhoids or other genital infection.

Vaginal yeast infections are extremely common, and there are many ways to treat them. A 2020 study found that tea tree oil is effective in fighting off all types of Candida fungus. Sometimes the rash may not cause any symptoms, but usually the infection causes a red, raw, itching, burning, or sometimes painful rash on the head of the penis. A one-dose treatment that kills the infection within a few days usually suffices, though women may also opt for a three-day or seven-day treatment course, Steier says. Usually, your sex partner(s) does not need to be examined. Under normal circumstances, a vaginal yeast infection is not serious and can be treated with medications. Sometimes the discharge may also be watery.

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As straightforward as it might seem, most doctors will discourage you from diagnosing and treating a yeast infection yourself. Other yeast infection symptoms in men can include redness, a burning sensation, and patches of shiny, white skin on the penis. Please consult a doctor for diagnosis of BV or if you are unsure of your symptoms. A yeast infection, also known as candida vulvovaginitis, is a common infection that 3 out of every 4 women will experience throughout their lives.

Douching is not effective for treating yeast, and can actually increase the risk of getting STIs, HIV, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (9,11,12). All of these help to feed yeasts. If you are pregnant, don’t use medicine for a yeast infection without talking to your doctor first,” HealthLink B. If needed, your doctor might order a vaginal fluid test. The smear is taken by the patient but the doctor still looks at it under a microscope.

Your doctor will confirm that it is indeed yeast by taking a sample of the discharge from your vagina. These can range from using antibiotics to an imbalance in hormones to women who are of childbearing age to women on the pill. Because of this, the American Academy of Family Physicians recommends that, for a first episode of a possible yeast infection, women see a physician to get a proper diagnosis. Women with lowered immunity — such as from corticosteroid therapy or HIV infection — are more likely to get yeast infections. Am I going to orgasm?

What Causes A Vaginal Yeast Infection?

If your symptoms and test results indicate that you have BV, don't worry help is at hand with Canesbalance. These range from lifestyle choices to pre-existing medical conditions. Learn more about when antibiotics work and when they should be avoided. If you have symptoms, and you’ve never had a yeast infection before, Dr. That’s because antibiotics kill the healthy bacteria in your body that normally keep the yeast in balance.

If the problem coincides with switching to a new detergent, consider trying a different brand.

Over-the-counter Treatments

If you are visiting a walk-in clinic and not your regular doctor, be prepared to give a full medical history. How can I prevent yeast infections? Many women experience at least two episodes. According to Jessica Shepherd, M. Others simply use their fingers to apply the yogurt. This ensures that your symptoms are definitely related to Candida overgrowth and not another more serious condition. There isn’t any convincing evidence showing that alternative treatments such as garlic, tea tree oil, lactobacillus, probiotics or dietary changes are effective remedies for yeast infections.

Common symptoms are a rash, white discharge, or itching. “Yeast infections are common during pregnancy. What should you do if you think you have a yeast infection? Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush) may be treated with a medicated mouthwash. How long vaginal yeast infections last can vary and may depend on how severe the infection is and what treatment a person uses.


There are some skin conditions that can cause skin changes, such as whitening and itching. With most tests, they will turn a certain color if the acidity is abnormal. It’s a good idea to do a patch test on a small area of skin before applying them to larger areas of the body. The most common yeast infection in a baby is a diaper rash. If you have never had a yeast infection before or are unsure about the diagnosis, then you should schedule an appointment with your doctor or a nurse at your gynecologist's office. Friction from sex can cause more irritation or make it harder to heal.

To better answer the question “Do I have a yeast infection? Many women get yeast infections—in fact, most will get at least one at some point in their lives. Below, Domb breaks down everything you need to know about vaginal yeast infections.

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However, you should consult your doctor every time, to be sure that your symptoms are not actually indicative of a different, potentially serious problem. All our visits with patients are confidential and convenient and require as little as a phone or video consultation. Recurring thrush You might need to take treatment for longer (for up to 6 months) if you keep getting thrush (you get it more than twice in 6 months). If you’re not pregnant, you can treat yourself at home with common OTC remedies such an antifungal cream, a vaginal suppository or antifungal tablets. Do not use Canesten if you are pregnant, think you are or are nursing without speaking to a doctor first.

With BV, the environment in the vagina may be affected by intercourse. It’s estimated that 75% of women will have at least one yeast infection in her lifetime. Do not douche. Sexual activity – many women report getting a yeast infection after sexual intercourse. Taking antibiotics sometimes causes this imbalance. A UTI can also cause frequent urination along with pelvic and abdominal pain.


If your school has a student health center, you might be able to get checked out there. When should I call my healthcare provider? In longstanding infection, the area underneath the nail may turn white or yellow, and the nail plate may separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). 2020 Feb 1;213(3): Yeast thrives on sugar, so eating too much of it may increase your chance of developing the obnoxious infection, says Laurie Birkholz, M. If you know that it is a yeast infection from past experience and are familiar with the symptoms, you want an effective and convenient medicine - one that works at the site of the infection.

If you are a woman and get vaginal yeast infections often, you may want to take probiotics. Penile candidiasis most often affects men with diabetes, uncircumcised men, or men whose female sex partners have vaginal candidiasis. Your doctor will first conduct a pelvic exam, making note of any visible discharge, redness, and swelling. If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan. Although systemic treatments for yeast infections are more convenient and take effect more quickly than local treatments, they are more expensive if you don’t have drug coverage. Sleep without panties to give yourself a "breather. "